Ways to Deal with Osteoporosis in Women
Osteoporosis is a bone disorder which is mostly seen in women over the age of 40. The main cause of osteoporosis is the reduction of estrogen in their body which reduces the calcium absorption in the body and makes trabecular or spongy bone inside the cortical bone thinner. In lay man’s term, one can say that there is a reduction of bone mineral density in the body.
During osteoporosis, the trabecular bone reduces at the rate of 1% per year. This makes the bones brittle and susceptible to easy fractures. The risk of bone fragility increases as the person ages when even the cortical bone density starts to reduce. The cortical bone reduces at this age at the rate of 0.5% per year.
But no need to worry as there are many Osteoporosis treatments available for women which can help you. Here are some of the recommended treatments for Osteoporosis as prescribed by medical practitioners.
Calcium and Vitamin D Intake
The causes of osteoporosis are mainly linked to the deficiency of Calcium and Vitamin D in the body. Nowadays you can also get natural supplements by well-known brands that can help you supplement any Calcium or Vitamin D deficiency. Besides, supplements you can also increase the intake of food items like milk and fruits which contain calcium. Also, try to spend some time in the early morning sun as sunlight is the best source of Vitamin D.
Lifestyle has a strong impact on your body and bones. For e.g. if you have a drinking or smoking habit, avoid them as they will only worsen your current situation. Create a regular exercise regime for yourself like yoga, walking or cycling. Exercises are also good for women in menopause stage as it helps them to get back good hormones and handle the stress connected with menopause.
Go for medicines only if the increase of calcium or lifestyle change does not help enough. Medicines for osteoporosis mainly work on your body by helping it to increase the cells which make new bone. At the same time, it decreases the cell activity of breaking down the bone.
Medication can help in increasing the density of the hip bone between 1-3% (30-50% fewer chances of fracture) whereas in spine it can help between 4 to 8% (30-70% chances of fracture). These statistics are valid if the treatment is pursued for over 3 years. However, you can start seeing improvement post 6 months itself.
Hormone Therapy Treatment for Women (HRT)
The other treatment considered common for women with osteoporosis is Hormone Therapy Treatment (HRT). In this treatment, the estrogen hormones are given to women in low dosages. Sometimes, the doctor also prescribes progestogen hormones to be given along with the estrogen hormones. HRT is not only considered safe but also beneficial for women in menopause or post menopause stage. They will not only help in preventing osteoporosis but also in reducing menopausal symptoms for elderly women.